The second conditional (also called conditional type 2) is a structure used for talking about unreal situations in the present or in the future.
The structure of a second conditional sentence
Like a first conditional, a second conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause and a main clause:
|if clause||main clause|
|If I had a million dollars,||I would buy a big house.|
If the "if" clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the "if" clause comes second, there is no need for a comma:
|main clause||if clause|
|I would buy a big house||if I had a million dollars.|
We use different verb forms in each part of a second conditional:
|if clause||if + subject + simple past verb*|
|main clause||subject + would + verb|
*Note that this "simple past" form is slightly different from usual in the case of the verb BE. Whatever the subject, the verb form is "were", not "was": If I were rich, I’d buy a big house.
ANOTHER SECOND CONDITIONAL SONG: iF i WERE A BOY - BY BEYONCE
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